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Scripture Studies

A Good Memory

memory-tree-siteJust how important to you is your memory? Yes, I am referring to our faculty to remember things. Some people would rather want to forget many things, but do you think our memory is important?

Try this exercise, imagine yourself waking up one morning without a memory of your own –your life, past experiences, no recollection of people, names, objects, or anything. It can be very disconcerting and the feeling can be downright scary, right?

This condition can actually happen when a person succumbs to a mental lapse due to a heavy head injury, called ‘amnesia’ (Gk: without memory). The effect of this condition varies: it can last for a short period of time to more than a day or weeks, or even years.

Our memory keeps the records of our history, life experiences, our family, friends, the stamp of our character, identity, and even our inclinations in life. It is what defines who we are, what we are capable of, our talents and skills. Without our memory we cannot be able to know or identify the difference between those who care for us, and those who can do us harm. We can be vulnerable without our memory and it can be very frustrating and humiliating. Try another exercise, forget greeting your wife on your anniversary and you know what will happen next!

Losing one’s memory is a sad thing. It cuts us off from remembering our past, it strips away our treasured life, it erases our personal history and life experiences, leaving us an unaccountably blank page.  I remember my grandmother, when we were still young, and as part of her tradition, she would always give all her grandchildren tokens or coins as a parting gift before she leaves, after a visit. But always she would mix up our names as she called us one by one. Oftentimes she would mistakenly called my name “Arthur” or sometimes “Jun”, so I often wondered if she really knew me or did I really matter in her memory. 

While the loss of memory can be discomforting and embarrassingly sad, for some people this can be unavoidable especially when they advance in years.

But this should not always be the case. Most often we get forgetful because we are not really concerned about other people and neglect those “small things” that really made up our day. We tend to ignore and be inattentive to events outside our life because sometimes we can be so inwardly focused or preoccupied. We are not mindful of those things that really matter in life. Observe the actions of those who tend to be forgetful, most of the time they can be the busiest people around with so many concerns, work, driven by other things, etc., but sooner or later these same concerns and busy-ness will make him/her physically exhausted, family ultimately neglected, and spiritual life wasted.

That is why in God’s infinite wisdom, He provided us guideposts, calendar, signs and wonders, cycles and seasons in order for us to rejoice in those times, and by way of celebrating, to remember always. Thus, throughout the Bible we find a lot of references to memorial feasts, altars or monuments, and ritually repeated stories to remind us of its intrinsic values.

God’s very first words of in the book of Genesis are illustrative of what He intended for man:

“And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs [*Heb. ‘owth’], and for seasons [*Heb. mo’ed], and for days, and years:

And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. Genesis 1:14-16

“Signs”: Strong’s H226 אוֹת 'owth (oth) n-f.

1. a signal (literally or figuratively), as a flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc

[probably from H225 (in the sense of appearing)]

KJV: mark, miracle, (en-)sign, token.

“Seasons”: Strong’s H4150 מוֹעֵד מוֹעֵד מוֹעָדָה mow`ed or (feminine) moweadah (2 Chronicles 8) n-m.

1. (properly) an appointment, i.e. a fixed time or season

2. (specifically) a festival

3. (conventionally) a year

4. (by implication) an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose)

5. (technically) the congregation

6. (by extension) the place of meeting

7. (also) a signal (as appointed beforehand)

[From H3259] KJV: appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn(-ity), synogogue, (set) time (appointed).

Time and space is what enable man to remember that his life is but limited and time bound. Aging will enable him to realize his transitory nature, helping him to be mindful of those that are closest and important to him. Time is a great equalizer they say, and by being conscious of time we can focus on what is important in life. Thus, one of the values of time as it benefits us is to help us grow and mature—both in stature and wisdom. This is our wages in time when we value its purpose. David in the book of Psalms has this to say when is he was reminded of man’s fragile nature:

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Why did God tell Israel to Count 50 days to Pentecost?

wheat-50Ever since the Eternal God defined the beginning of the months for ancient Israel in Egypt, extending throughout the span of time they were in the wilderness, till they came and settled in the promised land, the calendar Israel used was calculated by means of visual observation.

Beginning of the months were set by the priest’s declaration, which was primarily based on confirmation by assigned observers who report to the priest the sighting of the new moon or crescent.

During those times, Israel did not have a fixed number of days in a month. Number of days in a month vary, and can either be 29 or 30 days long, depending upon when the priest declares the start of the month. Sophisticated calculating and measuring instruments like the ones we have today, which may allow one to fix the exact new moon, didn’t exist back then.

The Eternal God set the course of the sun, moon, and earth so that a month doesn’t exactly correspond to 29 or 30 days long; but rather in reality, a month averages 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes, and 2,841 seconds. The Eternal God designed it that way for a very good reason: that of maintaining perfect harmony and balance in the gravitational pull and rotational forces acting on and between the said heavenly bodies. This is so that they will stay in their constant, pre-determined and defined orbit.

In calculating Pentecost with a visually observed calendar, between Passover and Pentecost, there would sometimes be:

a.       two 29 days months

b.      one 29 days and one 30 days month

c.       two 30 days months

Because of this uncertain condition, the counting would result in Pentecost falling on either Sivan 5, 6 or 7. If God fixed Pentecost on a specific day in the third month (Sivan), the number of days between Passover and Pentecost will change from time to time and God’s desired 50 days will most often not be achieved. Fifty (50) is a symbolic number to God especially in relation to Pentecost because with it is attached a number of meanings valuable to God’s people.

A fixed Sunday or Monday Pentecost causes Passover to drift in and out of place with respect to the 50 days, thereby losing its significance and connection to the count.

Passover plays the most important role in the process of salvation for the saints (the firstfruits to God). For without it in the picture, the wave sheaf offering and the two loaves of bread offered at Pentecost won’t matter at all and won’t be accepted by the Eternal.

Therefore, Passover has always got to be in the symbolism, but most especially, in that of the reality Christ’s sacrifice set the whole process in motion.

Nowadays, the greater number of Jews and God’s people use the fixed sacred calendar. This Hebrew calendar was made public after the second temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. and God’s people were persecuted and scattered all over the world.

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What Was Jesus Christ’s Last Supper All About?

jesus-supperConflicting opinions and interpretations by some have attempted to explain what Christ did at the last supper. What was it all about? Is it supposed to be the Christian Passover? Should we rely upon our own human reasoning to elucidate what Christ did; or allow scriptures to interpret itself?

The apostle Paul in his epistle to the Corinthians, provide some answers to what Christ did at the last supper. Paul’s main subject matter discussed in I Corinthians 10, 11 and 12 (embracing chapters 13 and 14), is the body of Christthe church. In expounding this subject matter, Paul included the Lord’s supper, showing there is a connection here. What Christ did at the last supper has got something to do with His body – the ecclesia (the called out ones).

Some religious teachers lift out verses 23 to 29 of I Corinthians 11 and connect the same to Passover. But God never once inspired the word Passover here. As a warning, God forbids one from adding to His word.

Deuteronomy 4:2 You shall not add to the word which I command you, neither shall you diminish any from it, that you may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.

Deuteronomy 12:32 What thing so ever I command you, observe to do it: you shall not add thereto, nor diminish from it.

Revelation 22:18 For I testify to every man that hears the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add to these things, God shall add to him the plagues that are written in this book.

The passages may have some relevance to Passover. But the sacrifice of Christ at Passover is for all mankind, taking them from death to life if they accept the conditions. The body of Christ spoken of at the Lord’s supper is composed only of the ecclesia and came into existence at Pentecost 30 A.D. and which speaks of living a new life (in Christ) after being passed-over.

Separating the head or a tail of the platypus, then separately analyze what creature it is, will only result in a whole lot of different conclusions. Seeing the whole picture will give one a better understanding.

Reviewing Paul’s discussion of the Lord’s supper in I Corinthians 11 and connecting them to chapters 10 and 12 should complete the picture. Let’s begin where Paul writes in:

1 Corinthians 11:18 First of all, when you come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it.

20 When you come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper.

21 For in eating every one takes before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunk.

The Corinthian church doesn’t meet only once a year. The problem they have here occurs whenever they meet as a church. One of the problems addressed by Paul here is not eating the Lord’s supper in the proper manner, attitude and frame of mind as was supposed to be done: thereby resulting in despising the church of God.

1 Corinthians 11:22 What? Have you not houses to eat and to drink in? or you despise the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.

Rehearsing the Corinthian mind to what Christ did “the night He was betrayed” Paul writes,

I Corinthians 11:24 When He had given thanks, He broke it, and said, take, eat: this is My body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of Me.

The symbol of a broken body is in contrast to the Passover sacrifice of Christ, God specified in His command, not to break any of the bones of the Passover sacrifice. So Passover is not the issue here at the last supper.

Exodus 12:46 In one house shall it be eaten; you shall not carry any of the flesh outside the house; neither shall you break one of its bone.

Prophecy and actual fulfillment showed not one of Christ’s bones was broken.

Psalms 34:20 He keeps all his bones: not one of them is broken.

John 19:36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.

The symbol of a body broken into many pieces came about at Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit (of Christ) came and dwelt among the many disciples (which became Christ’s body).

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On the Date of Christ’s Last Supper

bread n wineIt has been taught time and again that Jesus Christ ate the Passover (or last supper) on the eve of the 14th of Nissan, right before His sufferings. Quite a number has been disfellowshipped and put out of church organisation for disagreeing with the belief that Christ changed the timing of Passover to this date.

These large church organizations and their religious leaders seem to be very sure their belief is well founded in Scriptures. It might be better to ask these leaders and teachers where in the Scriptures can we find that Christ kept His last Passover on the eve of the 14th of Nissan just before His death?

If their supposition is correct, then they can easily show from the Bible the scriptural reference to their belief. Is their belief on a 14th eve last supper of Christ merely based upon the pronouncement of their leaders (and thus, become the church tradition), or is it based upon Scriptures?

On the other hand, there is a possibility that the last supper of Christ occurred on the eve of the 13th of Nisan, and not on the 14th. There are scriptures which seem to indicate this was so.

Look up John 19:14 Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he (Pilate) said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”
15 But they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!”
Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?”
The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”
16 Then he delivered Him to them to be crucified. Then they took Jesus and led Him away.
Also Matthew 27:25-30 fill up what happened after the judgment by Pilate.
Matthew 27:25 And all the people answered and said, “His blood be on us and on our children.”
26 Then he released Barabbas to them; and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified.    
27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole garrison around Him.
28 And they stripped Him and put a scarlet robe on Him.
29 When they had twisted a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they bowed the knee before Him and mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!
30 Then they spat on Him, and took the reed and struck Him on the head.

This handling down of judgment by Pilate couldn’t possibly have occurred on the 14th of Nissan since Christ was crucified already at 3rd hour (9 am). His sacrifice was also the reality (fulfillment) of the daily sacrifice. His body was offered as the morning (3rd hour) and evening (9th hour) sacrifice.

Some teachers and religious leaders contend that Apostle John use Roman time. It is most unlikely he did! If we say he did, then we should understand from his gospel that when he refers to the end and beginning of a day, he meant it to be 12 midnight (using Roman time). This will create a much bigger problem since he is writing to the Jews (Israel) primarily.  His gospel will be in conflict with the other gospels and create confusion since he Sabbath will begins and end at midnight contrary to the Jewish norm.

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An Appointment with God

god-appointmentThe Creator God ordained courses of the sun and moon with relevance to the path and rotation of the earth to signal set times and seasons.

Genesis 1:14 God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the nights; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years.

Based on these, God established appointed times.

Appointed times – “mô'êd, mow'êd or mow'âdâh” in Hebrew (Strongs #4150) – can also mean an appointment, set or fixed time feasts, seasons, festival, an assembly or congregation, or signal. Of God’s appointed times, the Sabbaths are unique because they were hallowed and set apart by Him. They are His Sabbaths and they are also called God’s holy days.

Following are the Sabbaths of God in their “set times” based on the Hebrew calendar:

1.       The Seventh day Sabbath,

2.       Passover and

3.       First Day of Unleavened Bread on the 15th day of the first month, the Last Day of Unleavened Bread on the 21st day of first month,

4.       Pentecost (or Feast of Weeks), 50 days after the priest wave a sheaf of harvest,

5.       Day of Trumpets (or Loud Sounds) on the first day of the seventh month,

6.       Day of Atonement on the 10th day of the seventh month,

7.       First Day Feast of Booths (or Feast of Tabernacles) on the 15th day of the seventh month, and 

8.       The Eighth Day on the 22nd day of the seventh month.

All these holy days (Sabbaths) are thoroughly discussed in Leviticus 23: 2-37.

Leviticus 23:2 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, concerning the feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.

3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, a holy convocation; you shall do no work therein: it is the Sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.

4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which you shall proclaim in their seasons.

5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S Passover.

6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread to the LORD: seven days you must eat unleavened bread.

7 In the first day you shall have a holy convocation: you shall do no servile work therein.

8 But you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: you shall do no servile work therein.

9 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

10 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When you come into the land which I give to you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then you shall bring a sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest:

11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.

12 And you shall offer that day when you wave the sheaf a male lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering to the LORD.

13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire to the LORD for a sweet savor: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of a hin.

14 And you shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that you have brought an offering to your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

15 And you shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete:

16 Even to the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall you number fifty days; and you shall offer a new meat offering to the LORD.

17 You shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be bake with leaven; they are the first fruits to the LORD.

18 And you shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering to the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savor to the LORD.

19 Then you shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.

20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.

21 And you shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be a holy convocation to you: you shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

22 And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not make clean riddance of the corners of your field when you reap, neither shall you gather any gleaning of your harvest: you shall leave them to the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.

23 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

24 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall you have a Sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.

25 You shall do no servile work therein: but you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD.

26 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be a holy convocation to you; and you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the LORD.

28 And you shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement for you before the LORD your God.

29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.

30 And whatsoever soul it be that do any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

31 You shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

32 It shall be to you a Sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even to even, shall you celebrate your Sabbath.

33 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

34 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days to the LORD.

35 On the first day shall be a holy convocation: you shall do no servile work therein.

36 Seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: on the eighth day shall be a holy convocation to you; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and you shall do no servile work therein.

37 These are the feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon His day.

The New Testament also holds records of these holy days kept by the saints:

Acts 13:44 And the next Sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God.

Acts 18:4 And he reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.

Acts 18:21 But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that come in Jerusalem: but I will return again to you, if God will. And he sailed from Ephesus.

Acts 20:6 And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread, and came to them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven days.

Acts 20:16 For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost.

1 Corinthians 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, as you are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us:

8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

No man, however holy he may be, can assign a day or days and make them holy; only God can.

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God's Sabbath: A Day to Remember

rememberAs a chosen people for Himself above all peoples of the earth (Deuteronomy 7:6-8 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth. The Lord did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were the least of all people; but because the Lord loves you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore to your fathers, the Lord has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of bondage. . .), God made a covenant with Israel at Mount Sinai. He laid down the primary terms of that agreement which contain 10 fundamental laws or commandments.

God wasn’t imposing a set of rules to control ancient Israel. Definitely not! Most people tend to look at this giving of the law from carnal Israel’s point of view. Looking from the opposite side reveals that the previous eight weeks or more, the Almighty God had astoundingly begun demonstrating and executing His part of the covenant.

The gods of Egypt were punished and shamed by the all powerful God before Pharaoh’s eyes. During the plagues that brought a great deal of damage and wounds to Egypt, the loving God protected Israel from harm especially from death of their first born.

As their Redeemer, God freed Israel from more than 400 years slavery in Egypt. He was their shade of comfort from the scorching heat of the sun by day and a pillar of fire to give warmth and light by night. As a shield in fight, God defended Israel from Pharaoh’s army. He guided Israel to safety as a caring Shepherd, giving them sustenance across the harsh and arid desert.

God loved Israel first.  Israel never knew before the true essence of love. Here now at Sinai, God is covenanting with them about His ten basic laws of expressing love. One of the principal laws or conditions stipulated in that covenant is the law of the Sabbath – the fourth commandment.

God stated:

Exodus 20:

8 Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy.

9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

10 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates.

The reason God gave:

Exodus 20:11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.          

God’s people therefore are to remember that it is God’s Sabbath, the “rest day” of the very One who formed and molded human beings, including all things in the wide expanse of the universe. This same God wants His people to follow in their life and work cycle, after that sequence which He emulated, as a memorial of His Sabbath and of an existing covenant between the Creator and His created beings chosen by Him and sanctified from the rest of the world.

Gentiles (non-Israelite mixed group of people) living among Israel, who submitted to God and accepted obedience to His laws are considered part of God’s people.

Exodus 12:38 And mixed multitude went up also with them (Israel); and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

Exodus 12:48 And when a stranger (foreigner) shall live with you and will keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat it.

49One law shall be to him that is home born and to the foreigner that live among you.

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The Truth About Christmas

christmas-treeAs a believer of Jesus Christ, have you ever asked the question of what “Santa Claus”, “Christmas tree” mistletoe, holly wreath, exchanging gifts, and other quaint customs have to do with His birth? Almost twenty years ago, I found a small booklet about this subject that seriously challenged my belief and made me rethink of many long-held traditions whenever Christmas season comes around.  I would like to share it with you as its information are still relevant today as it was when I first read it.


WHERE DID we get Christmas?... from the Bible, or paganism? Here are astonishing facts which may shock you! Do you know the origin of the Christmas tree -- of "Santa Claus" -- of the mistletoe, holly wreath, -- custom of exchanging gifts?

Does Christmas really celebrate the birthday of Jesus? Was He born on December 25th? Did Paul, the apostles, and the early Church of the New Testament celebrate Christmas? Do you know what the Bible says about the Christmas tree?

Stop and think! Very few know WHY we do the things we do, or WHERE our customs came from! We were born into a world filled with customs. We grew up practicing them, taking them for granted, but NEVER QUESTIONING WHY!

Not a Christian Festival

We have supposed Christmas to be the chief of the Christian holidays. Without asking questions, we have blindly assumed its observance must be one of the principal teachings and commands of the New Testament. We have supposed Jesus was born December 25th, and that the New Testament set this day aside as the chief Christian festival. We have supposed we exchange gifts because the wise men presented gifts to the Christ-child.

But let's quit supposing and look into history and the Bible for the facts! The word "Christmas" means "Mass of Christ," or, as it later became shortened, "Christ-Mass." It came to us as a Roman Catholic Mass. And where did they get it? From the heathen celebration of December 25th, as the birthday of Sol, the sun-god! It is, actually, an ancient rite of Baalism, which the Bible condemns as the most abominable of all idolatrous worship!

It is not so much as MENTIONED anywhere in the New Testament. It was never observed by Paul, the apostles, the early true Christian church! The idea that Jesus was born December 25th is one of the FABLES the Apostle Paul prophesied (2 Timothy 4:4) would deceive the world in these latter days.

The truth is, Christmas is NOT Christ's birthday at all! And this festival, important as it seems to so many, is not of Christian, but of pagan -- Babylonish -- origin! But does that make any difference? Isn't it all right to go ahead and observe it anyway? Isn't the "Christmas spirit" a good and splendid thing, regardless of how it got started?

We shall see!

Jesus NOT Born on December 25th

Now let's look to the interesting proof! When was Jesus born?

Jesus was not even born in the winter season! When the Christ-child was born "there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the fields, keeping watch over their flock by night" (Luke 2:8). This could never have occurred in Palestine in the month of December. The shepherds always corralled and brought their flocks from the mountain sides and fields not later than October 15, to protect them from the cold rainy season that followed that date. Notice that the Bible itself proves in Song of Solomon (2:11), and Ezra (10:9 and 13), that winter was a rainy season not permitting shepherds to abide in open fields at night.

“It was an ancient custom among Jews of those days to send out their sheep to the fields and deserts about the Passover (early-Spring), and bring them home at the commencement of the first rain,” says Adam Clarke's Commentary, Vol. 5, page 386. Continuing, this authority states:

"During the time they were out, the shepherds watched them night and day. As ... the first rain began early in the month of Marchesvan, which answers to part of our October and November (begins mid October), we find that the sheep were kept out in the open country during the whole summer. And, as these shepherds had not yet brought home their flocks, it is a presumptive argument that October had not yet commenced, and that, consequently, our Lord was not born on the 25th of December, when no flocks were out in the fields; nor could He have been born later than September, as the flocks were still in the fields by night. On this very ground, the nativity in December should be given up. The feeding of the flocks by night in the fields is a chronological fact ... See quotations from the "Talmudists in Lightfoot."

Any encyclopedia, or any other authority, will tell you that Christ was not born on December 25th. The Catholic Encyclopedia frankly states this fact.

The exact date of Jesus' birth is entirely UNKNOWN, as all authorities acknowledge. The Scriptures strongly indicate that it was in the early Fall -- probably September -- approximately six months after Passover. If God had wished us to observe and celebrate Christ's birthday, He would not have so completely hidden the exact date.

What Encyclopedias Say

There is not one word in the New Testament, or anywhere in the Bible, telling us to observe Christmas. The Christians of the first century, under the inspired teachings of Peter, and Paul, and the other apostles, never observed it. There is NO BIBLE AUTHORITY for its observance, strange as it may seem.

Then where did we get "Christmas?" Since it has come to us thru the Roman Catholic church, and has no authority but that of the Roman Catholic Church, let us examine the Catholic Encyclopedia, published by that Church. Under the caption "Christmas," you will find:

"Christmas was not among the earliest festivals of the Church ... The first evidence of the feast is from Egypt." "Pagan customs, centering around the January calends, gravitated to Christmas."

Encyclopedia Britannica has this: "Christmas (i.e., the Mass of Christ). Christmas was not among the earliest festivals of the church..." It was not instituted by Christ or the apostles, or by Bible authority -- it was picked up afterward from paganism.

The Encyclopedia Americana says:

"Christmas. It was, according to many authorities, not celebrated in the first centuries of the Christian church, as the Christian usage in general was to celebrate the death of remarkable persons, rather than their birth..." (The "Lord's Supper," which is instituted by New Testament Bible authority, is a memorial of the death of Christ). "...a feast was established in memory of this event (Christ's birth) in the fourth century. In the fifth century the Western Church ordered it to be celebrated forever on the day of the old Roman feast of the birth of Sol, as no certain knowledge of the day of Christ's birth existed."

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